Controlled Wood

What is FSC controlled wood?

FSC operates with the Controlled Wood system to minimise the risk of including wood from five categories of Unacceptable Sources into FSC products. (© Brent Stirton Getty Images WWF)© Brent Stirton Getty Images WWFFSC Mix products can contain timber or fibre from FSC-certified forests, reclaimed materials (pre- and post-consumer) and/or FSC Controlled Wood. FSC Controlled Wood certification is designed to allow organisations to avoid categories of wood which are considered to be unacceptable for inclusion in FSC-certified products.


FSC controlled wood is defined as: virgin wood or wood fibre which has been verified as having a low probability of including wood from any of the following categories:

a) Illegally harvested wood;

b) Wood harvested in violation of traditional and civil rights;

c) Wood harvested in forests in which high conservation values are threatened by management activities;

d) Wood harvested in forests being converted from natural and semi natural forest to plantations or non- forest use;

e) Wood from forests in which genetically modified trees are planted.

Controlled Wood Standards

National Risk Assessments

The status of FSC controlled wood national risk assessments can be accessed here.

Controlled Wood Risk Assessment for the UK

FSC UK has completed an FSC Controlled Wood Risk Assessment for the UK (FSC-NRA-GB-V1-0). The assessment received international approval in December 2018 and concludes that England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are all low risk for all categories.

© Forest Stewardship Council® · FSC® F000231